篇章数

7

引证文献

2 !

参考文献

157

莫桑比克图书

Mozambique

SSAPID:101-9021-0398-22
ISBN:978-7-5097-2805-5
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莫桑比克

[内容简介] 莫桑比克,全称莫桑比克共和国,以为“光明到来”。其位于非洲东南部,北邻坦桑尼亚,西界马拉维、赞比亚、津巴布韦,南接南非和斯威士兰,东濒印度洋,隔莫桑比克海峡与马达加斯加相望。领土面积约80万平方公里,人口约1600万(1997)。全国有60多个部落,绝大多数属于班图语系。官方语言为葡萄牙语。全境地形西北高、东南低,西北部为高原山地,中部为台地,东南部沿海为非洲最大平原之一。属热带草原气候,年平均气温20℃.年降水量从北部的1000毫米递减至南部的750毫米。主要矿藏有煤、铁、铜、金等。水利和渔业资源丰富,盛产对虾及贝类。农业是国民经济的基础,80%的人就业于农业部门。主要农作物有稻米、玉米、腰果、棉花等。工业主要是农林产品加工工业。经济发展落后,属最不发达国家之一。1505年葡萄牙入侵,1700年沦为葡萄牙的保护国,1975年6月独立,同月与我国建交。

相关信息

丛书名:列国志
作 者: 张宝增
编 辑:孙以年
出版社:社会科学文献出版社
出版时间: 2011年12月
语 种:中文
中图分类:K4 非洲史

 文前彩插

 《列国志》主要编辑出版发行人

 《列国志》编辑委员会

 序言

 《列国志》已出书书目

 第一章 国土与人民

  第一节 自然地理

   一 地理位置

   二 行政区划

   三 地形特点

   四 河流与湖泊

   五 气候

  第二节 自然资源

   一 矿物资源

   二 植物资源

   三 动物资源

  第三节 居民与宗教

   一 人口

   二 民族

   三 语言

   四 宗教信仰

  第四节 民俗与节日

   一 生活习俗

   二 主要节日与重要日期

    (一)主要节日

    (二)重要日期

 第二章 历史

  第一节 殖民者到来以前的历史

   一 科伊桑人社会

   二 班图人社会

   三 早期贸易活动和阿拉伯人的影响

  第二节 葡萄牙早期殖民统治

   一 早期探险和武力征讨

   二 非洲人王国间的争夺与葡萄牙的扩张

   三 葡萄牙殖民统治的确立

   四 早期葡属莫桑比克的贸易

   五 奴隶贸易

   六 非洲人的反抗和列强对莫桑比克的争夺

  第三节 20世纪的葡萄牙殖民统治与莫桑比克民族独立

   一 葡萄牙的殖民统治

   二 民族独立战争

   三 葡萄牙1974年军事政变与莫桑比克的独立

  第四节 国家重建

   一 政治变革

   二 经济建设

   三 社会发展

  第五节 内战与和平

   一 国内冲突和南非种族主义政权的威胁

   二 调整与邻国的关系

   三 大选进程

  第六节 改革与民主时代

   一 经济改革

   二 多党政治

   三 和平实现与战后重建

  第七节 著名历史人物

   爱德华多·蒙德拉纳(Eduardo Modlane)

   萨莫拉·莫伊塞斯·马谢尔(Samora Moisés Machel)

   阿丰索·马卡休·马塞拉·德拉卡马(Afonso Macacho Marcela Dhlakama)

 第三章 政治

  第一节 国体与政体

   一 政治制度的沿革

   二 共和国宪法

   三 国家元首

  第二节 国家机构

   一 中央政府

   二 地方政府

  第三节 立法与司法

   一 立法

    (一)国会的地位

    (二)国会的产生

    (三)国会的组织结构

    (四)国会的职权

    (五)国会的工作程序

    (六)国会的会议制度

    (七)议员制度

   二 司法

    (一)法院

    (二)检察院

    (三)宪法委员会

  第四节 政党与团体

   一 政党制度

   二 主要政党和团体

    (一)莫桑比克解放阵线党

     莫桑比克青年组织(Organiza??o de Juventude Mo?ambicana OJM)

    (二)莫桑比克全国抵抗运动

    (三)其他政党的基本情况

   三 政党竞选经费

  第五节 政治和解进程

   一 政治权力分配与和平民主竞争的初步尝试

   二 地方选举问题

   三 1999年大选危机

   四 问题与挑战

 第四章 经济

  第一节 经济发展综述

   一 独立前

   二 计划经济时期

   三 改革时期的经济

    (一)农业政策改革

    (二)经济结构调整

    (三)金融和货币政策改革

    (四)国有企业的私有化进程

    (五)贸易和投资政策改革

    (六)改革的成效与问题

  第二节 农林牧渔业

   一 农业

    (一)农业资源

    (二)农业生产

   二 林业

   三 畜牧业

   四 渔业

  第三节 工业

   一 采矿业

   二 制造业

   三 能源工业

   四 建筑业

  第四节 交通与通信

   一 交通运输业

   二 通信业

  第五节 商业、服务业和财政金融业

   一 商业与服务业

   二 财政与金融业

  第六节 旅游业

   一 旅游业基本情况

   二 旅游业管理

   三 旅游资源介绍

  第七节 对外经济关系

   一 对外贸易

   二 外国援助

   三 外国投资

  第八节 国民生活

 第五章 国防与军事

  第一节 建军简史

   一 莫桑比克政府军

   二 莫桑比克全国抵抗运动

   三 莫桑比克国防军

  第二节 国防体制与三军实力

   一 国防体制

   二 国防预算

   三 兵役制度

   四 国防军实力

   五 陆军

   六 空军

   七 海军

   八 准军事部队

  第三节 对外军事关系

   一 同南非的军事关系

   二 苏联东欧等社会主义国家的军事援助

   三 非洲前线国家的军事援助

   四 西方国家的军事援助

   五 “联莫行动”

   六 维和行动

 第六章 教育科技、文艺、卫生与新闻出版

  第一节 教育和科技

   一 基础教育

   二 高等教育

   三 技术和职业教育

   四 师资培训

   五 其他教育

   六 科学与技术研究

  第二节 文学艺术

   一 文学

   二 诗歌

   三 散文和小说

   四 戏剧和电影

   五 音乐舞蹈

   六 美术与雕刻

   七 博物馆、纪念馆和图书馆

  第三节 医药卫生

   一 独立后医疗系统的改善

   二 国际医疗援助

   三 1994年以来医疗事业的重建与发展

  第四节 新闻出版

   一 报纸、期刊与通讯社

   二 广播电视

   三 出版社

 第七章 对外关系

  第一节 莫桑比克与国际和地区组织

  第二节 同美国的关系

   一 独立初期的关系

   二 与里根政府时期的关系

   三 冷战后的关系

  第三节 同欧盟国家的关系

   一 同德国的关系

   二 同法国的关系

   三 同英国的关系

   四 同意大利的关系

   五 同葡萄牙的关系

  第四节 同社会主义国家的关系

   一 军事关系

   二 经济关系

   三 友好而独立的外交政策

  第五节 同中国的关系

   一 政治关系

   二 双边经贸关系和经济技术合作

  第六节 同周边国家的关系

   一 同津巴布韦的关系

   二 同南非的关系

   三 同坦桑尼亚的关系

   四 同赞比亚的关系

   五 同马拉维的关系

   六 同其他非洲国家的关系

 前言

莫桑比克,全称莫桑比克共和国,意为“光明到来”。其位于非洲东南部,北邻坦桑尼亚,西界马拉维、赞比亚、津巴布韦,南接南非和斯威士兰,东濒印度洋,隔莫桑比克海峡与马达加斯加相望。全境地形西北高、东南低,西北部为高原山地,中部为台地,东南部沿海为非洲最大平原之一。主要矿藏有煤、铁、铜、金等,钽矿储量居世界之首。水力和渔业资源丰富,盛产对虾及贝类。农业是国民经济的基础,80%的人就业于农业部门。主要农作物有稻米、玉米、腰果、棉花等。工业主要是农林产品加工工业。经济发展落后,属最不发达国家之一。1505年葡萄牙入侵,1700年沦为葡萄牙的保护国,1975年6月独立,同月与我国建交。

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简 介:本书分为上下两篇,上篇涉及133个国家和地区的较为全面的历史数据;下篇则是在此基础上,对日本、印度等亚洲国家,欧洲、非洲、拉丁美洲等国家以及美国、苏联人口转变状况进行的理论分析,由此提出我国人口转变的特点与结论,即中国人口转变速度在过去已经很快,而按照社会发展规律,这一转变在今后很难继续加速。换言之,今后的中国人口控制...

作者: 阎海琴
出版社:社会科学文献出版社
出版时间: 2009年11月

简 介:本书分为上下两篇,上篇涉及133个国家和地区的较为全面的历史数据;下篇则是在此基础上,对日本、印度等亚洲国家,欧洲、非洲、拉丁美洲等国家以及美国、苏联人口转变状况进行的理论分析,由此提出我国人口转变的特点与结论,即中国人口转变速度在过去已经很快,而按照社会发展规律,这一转变在今后很难继续加速。换言之,今后的中国人口控制...

作者: 阎海琴
出版社:社会科学文献出版社
出版时间: 2009年11月