篇章数

18

引证文献

1 !

参考文献

761

当代中国游牧业图书

Pastoralism in Contemporary China: Policy and Practice

SSAPID:101-8951-8193-25
ISBN:978-7-5097-5063-6
DOI:
ISSN:
关键词:

畜牧业 当代游牧业

[内容简介] 本书是“中国的畜牧业:政策与实践”课题的成果,研究与中国游牧业有关的当代政策和实践,聚焦环境退化、资源管理问题,尤其是牧场的使用与牧民的牲畜管理之间的关系,以及法律框架和资源管理政策,当地的政策执行情况等。本书的主要目标是掌握政策制定与执行、社会经济关系和资源管理之间的动态关系,以及这些动态关系对脆弱的自然环境造成的影响,旨在将研究当代中国畜牧业的西方和中国学者的成果集合起来,完整的呈现给中国读者。

相关信息

丛书名:
编 辑:周志静;孙以年
出版社:社会科学文献出版社
出版时间: 2014年02月
语 种:中文
中图分类:C95 民族学

 前言

 序言

 第一部分 草原政策的发展

  第一章 横向政策分析:提高生活方式可持续性发展的工具

   青海省当前的开发和保护方案

   重新定义可持续性

    1.文化和可持续发展

    2.当地生活方式和文化传承性

    3.社会生态系统的复原力

   横向分析:将横向政策研究(HPA)作为

   横向政策研究与生态移民政策

   宏观讨论

   主要建议

  第二章 雪灾与救助

   雪灾救助的重要性

   田野观察:灾中救助

    (一)牧民家庭的自我救助

    (二)政府的公共救助

   田野观察:灾后救助

    (一)牧民的自我恢复努力

     1.再投资重建畜群

     2.增加劳动力供给

    (二)政府的灾民扶持政策

     1.农村最低生活保障制度

     2.扶贫项目

     3.发放母畜

     4.移民搬迁成为救助新方式

   讨论与政策建议

  第三章 新自由主义背景下的中国藏区畜牧业:沟里镇发展的持续性与变迁

   国家发展中所忽视的沟里藏族人

   草原管理和产权的历史

   村内的草场和牲畜租赁

   “卓克巴”身份

   结论

  第四章 合作利用放牧场制度的理论思考与案例分析

   放牧制度理论探析

   合作放牧的几个案例分析*

    1.旗内共同放牧:陈巴尔虎旗

    2.嘎查内共同放牧:敖林毛都嘎查

    3.浩特内联户放牧:正蓝旗

     (1)上都河镇巴音高勒嘎查

     (2)上都河镇饮马井嘎查

   放牧制度的演化与评价

 第二部分 过渡中的游牧文化

  第五章 北疆的游牧文化遗产、传统知识及其保护

   北疆的游牧业和文化遗产

   牧民和保护区

   传统知识与保护

   结论

  第六章 藏区传统游牧业:现状忧思与前景展望

   分户经营的弊端

    (一)一些地区文化教育和医疗卫生事业滑坡,现代化建设滞后

    (二)部分地区抗灾自救的能力降低

    (三)有的地方社会控制能力削弱,地方政权建设受困,生产后劲和生态环境保护能力不足

    (四)较普遍地存在草场重配工作艰难,影响草地长期效益

   联户经营的尝试

   联户经营的政策建议

    (一)联合经营的原则

     1.自愿和引导相结合

     2.继承和摒弃相结合

     3.先易后难与协调发展相结合

    (二)联合经营方式的选择

     1.探寻造血式扶贫之道路,组织生产联营组

     2.采用股份合作制,建立责权利清晰的新体制

     3.整合资源,推进城镇化进程

    (三)健全机构,加强领导

  第七章 人类学视野下的西藏牧区亲系组织及互惠关系

   理论简述

    (一)人类学中的互惠与亲系关系研究

    (二)经济活动和社会关系

    (三)人类学视野的畜牧社会研究简述

    (四)藏区研究

   研究方法

   研究点背景

   那曲牧民社区的互惠与亲系关系

    (一)Da村中的亲系关系

    (二)亲系与互惠

    (三)亲系与整体

    (四)亲系延伸的社会关系

     1.亲系和邻村

     2.亲系的延伸

     3.亲系的社会关系延伸

   结论 变化中的牧民社区

  第八章 藏北高原妇女社会性别角色与健康意识的研究

   研究对象与方法

    (一)研究对象

    (二)具体方法

    (三)研究地的选择

    (四)研究地的局限性

   尼玛乡的现状

    (一)自然地理特征

    (二)社会、人口状况

    (三)文化教育状况

    (四)医疗卫生状况

   社会生产结构

    (一)草场管理制度的变化

    (二)居住条件与交通工具

    (三)通电与饮用水情况

    (四)饮食结构的变化

   社会生产中的男女性别角色

    (一)家庭生活中劳动分工

    (二)参与社区活动的性别分工

   结语与建议

 第三部分 可持续性和草原退化

  第九章 西藏牧区自20世纪80年代以来的发展及围栏运动

   导言:中国的经济改革走进西藏

   此项研究的田野点

   改革的时代来到西藏牧区

   “致富光荣”:推动更高生产力和市场专业化

   现代性的止痛药:应用科学使我们摆脱“土壤退化”

   推动西藏放牧和围栏

   围栏的意见:学术和国家

   围栏:国家政策和行政实践

   地面上的围栏

   游牧民支持围栏吗?

   围栏是否是对气候变化的反应?

   食羊肉者何去何从?

  第十章 内蒙古锡林郭勒草原退化的话语和绿色治理

   有中国特色的环境保护主义

   锡林郭勒盟东乌珠穆沁旗

   草原监测和“科学”管理

   退化“原因”:干旱、过度放牧和管理

   政策的实施:挑战和应对机制

   草原的绿色治理

  第十一章 中国北方的限制行动,圈栏和传统草原管理:关于新生态学的人类学观点*

   兴安盟项目:利用政策解决方案

   环境退化的“问题”

   从基层文化评价政策

   关于草原使用权的一些问题

   通过草地工程化解决问题

   可持续承载能力(SCC)与新生态学:重新思考草原

   结论

  第十二章 内蒙古草原退化成因分析

   东乌旗概况

    (一)史地沿革

    (二)人畜草相关信息

    (三)历年天灾

   蹄灾

    (一)何谓蹄灾

    (二)蹄灾对策

    (三)蹄灾分布及动向

   引发蹄灾的根本原因

   结语

  第十三章 牧区环境:西藏中部牧民资源利用形式的地理信息系统个案分析

   方法

    (一)研究地域

    (二)实地绘图

    (三)GIS分析

    (四)参与性制图

   结果和讨论

    (一)植被资源的季节和年间变化

    (二)植被等级和海拔、坡度、坡向之间的一般关系

    (三)畜栏位置和季节性草场区域的环境特征

   结论

  第十四章 藏北高原地区野生动物资源保护与利用的可持续发展战略

   藏北高原地区野生动物资源现状

   藏北高原的畜牧业

   新的困扰

   新的思路

    1.普查资源和确定场所

    2.根据当地群众和野生动物保护的长远利益需求,以国内外专家学者的研究结果和建议为依据,政府出台和实施体育狩猎项目的管理规定

    3.当地牧民必须直接参与保护事业

    4.开展体育狩猎,将受到社会和舆论的密切关注,甚至可能是质疑和反对。因此,必须建立一个公开透明的管理体系

 第四部分 “生态移民”政策

  第十五章 后畜牧业:生态移民下的牧民

   情境化生态移民

   实证研究结果

    1.研究区域

    2.牲畜、草场、水、居住区:在地面上放牧的背景情况

   生态移民计划

    1.第一个生态移民计划——让生态移民村富起来

    2.第二个移民计划——城市一样的生活

    3.目前的情况

   生态安置对草原社区的影响

    1.改变土地使用模式

    2.提升空间流动性,拓展生活空间

    3.社会关系的空间性转变

   反思

  第十六章 定居化进程中的中国牧区教育发展

   称多县教育发展状况

   定居化与教育发展的关系

   问题和讨论

  第十七章 青藏高原上的生态移民:牧民和草场的分离

   三江源和相关政策基本原理

   干预和影响:一种累积性的视角

   中介代理处的制度根基

   行动者和话语领域

   方法和数据

   生存能量和牧民生计

   用救济代替生计:吉瓦的案例

   “从牧场到草原”

   干预风暴:行动者们迎面相遇

   对美好未来的承诺和“要挟”策略

   保证生存的策略

   生计和出台政策

   生存能力:定居之前和之后的家庭收入

   冲突和对抗:微观—宏观层面

   新社区的失业和生计

   自我创业:另一种策略?

   牧民去北京:宏观层面

   结论

 附录

  中国人类学者对藏族牧民的研究综述

   前言

   研究方法、目的和问题

   研究依据的资料

   代表性人物和成果简介

    (一)综合性调查涉及藏族牧民的研究

    (二)对藏族牧民的专题性调查研究

   研究成果评述

    (一)藏族牧民的社会历史和区域分布研究

    (二)藏族牧民人口方面的研究

    (三)藏族牧民社会组织的研究

    (四)藏族牧民经济生活的研究

    (五)藏族牧民婚姻家庭和妇女的研究

    (六)藏族牧民宗教生活的研究

    (七)藏族牧民生活习俗的研究

    (八)藏族牧民体质人类学的研究

    (九)调查方法的研究

   结语

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简 介:本书以马克思主义民族理论和中国共产党解决中国民族问题具体历史实践为切入点,在中国政治发展的历史进程中观察和研究内蒙古民族关系演变过程,揭示中国共产党在民族民主革命和社会主义建设等不同历史阶段,以民族平等、民族团结为目标,积极探索民族团结进步的制度建设,使内蒙古成为民族团结进步的模范的历史过程,总结自治区成立七十年来民族...

作者: 周竞红
出版社:社会科学文献出版社
出版时间: 2017年05月