篇章数

10

引证文献

5 !

参考文献

292

国与家之间:上海邻里的市民团体与社区运动的民族志图书

Between the Family and the State:An Ethnography of the Civil Associations and Community Movements in a Shanghai Lilong Neighborhood

SSAPID:101-7352-0051-16
ISBN:978-7-5097-1855-1
DOI:
ISSN:

[内容简介] 本书以上海里弄为例,从人类学民族志的视角给读者描述出20世纪80年代以来城市邻里中市民团体、居民运动和相关地方政府的实践过程。作者指出,这些市民团体和邻里运动推动了公共空间的生产,它们构成了基层参与网络、居民相互信任的关系以及普遍互惠的规范。这些组织和行动一方面表达着国家权力的渗透,另一方面也包含着对国家权力的抵制和扭曲。这种依赖和自治的双重特征使得这些地方性组织和“社会运动的日常形式”并不构成西方意义上的公民社会要素,但是它所形成的抗争在被国家权力吸纳的同时,也促进了地方权力话语和实践的改变。

相关信息

丛书名:中山大学社会学文库
作 者: 朱健刚
编 辑:胡涛
出版社:社会科学文献出版社
出版时间: 2010年10月
语 种:中文
中图分类:C91 社会学

 致谢

 图表目录

 导论

  一 理论综述

   (一)国与家之间:有关另类的公民性

   (二)实践中的权力与抗争

   (三)都市邻里:公共空间的转变

  二 方法论笔记

   (一)民族志:反思、实践与跨越社区的社区研究

   (二)田野工作

  三 内容架构

 第一章 平民社区:邻里空间的割裂与整合

  一 居民区的场景

  二 三个世界:空间、权力和日常生活的互动

   (一)平民村:第三世界

   (二)歧义弄:第二世界

   (三)梅坊小区:第一世界

  三 一天循环中的公共空间的生产

   (一)早晨

   (二)中午

   (三)下午

   (四)晚上

  四 公共空间生产的动力

 第二章 吴街的历史演变

  一 下只角与“苏北人”

  二 平民村的由来

  三 解放:社会主义国家的认同建构

  四 群众运动

  五 改革年代:邻里的衰落与复兴

 第三章 家庭、家的呈现与家园的想象

  一 家庭的构成

  二 户籍:控制的松弛与庇护

  三 “有房子,才有家”

  四 两种家庭主义与家园的想象

 第四章 国家及其代理人

  一 街居制的历史实践*

  二 党的网络

  三 警察与执法

  四 福利与救济

  五 发展商与物业管理:新的权力进入

 第五章 自治的张力:居委会与业主委员会

  一 居委会:等级与网络

  二 居委会干部

  三 行动的分类:行政、裁决和庇护

  四 人情、礼物与关系

  五 求情、象征和女性

  六 狗咬了书记:关于权力关系的个案

  七 业主委员会的由来

  八 业主委员会的产生与运作

  九 冲突与谈判:业主委员会与居委会

 第六章 新兴的市民志愿团体

  一 背景与渊源

  二 居民服务团队

  三 拳操队和巡逻队

  四 外来者:热爱家园的平民村工作站

   1.进入平民村

   2.平民村的法律咨询:冲突与妥协

   3.之后的走向

  五 小结:自助、互助与他助

 第七章 建设社区

  一 社区建设的兴起:邻里之外的运动

   (一)社区问题与全球化的诉求

   (二)上海的政府改革

    1.第一阶段:社区服务

    2.第二阶段:“两级政府,三级管理”的行政改革

    3.第三阶段:社区党建与居委会建设

   (三)知识分子的参与

   (四)市场的吹号

  二 社会戏剧的假戏真做:邻里之间的社区建设

   (一)吴街的戏剧

   (二)社会中介组织的兴衰

   (三)平民的节日

   (四)居委会的直选和变革

  三 小结

 第八章 “还我阳光,还我绿地”

  一 城市问题与分析框架

  二 忍与闹:日常抗争的文化

  三 社区问题与集体行动的产生

  四 还我阳光:争取阳光权运动

   1.问题的建构

   2.“我的地方,我有权利”

   3.危急时刻

   4.瓦解

  五 “谁的绿地,谁的国家”

   (一)绿园和它的公园

   (二)行动的过程和阐释

    1.开始的成功:与发展商的斗争

    2.持久的挣扎:对抗地方政府

   (三)邻里认同的竞争

  六 小结

 结论

  一 邻里中的公民性:社会资本与话语变迁

  二 转型中国的地方权力与抗争

  三 邻里:国与家之间的流动的公共空间

 摘要

本书试图探讨上海里弄1980年以来邻里中的市民团体、居民运动和相关的地方政府的实践过程。其核心问题是,在转型时期的中国,这些平行的基层组织和集体行动是如何在国家权力的变迁中被建构(再构)和被诠释的,这些组织和运动暗含怎样的权力和反抗关系;它们与中国政治社会的总体变迁,尤其是与所谓公民社会的建构以及公民性的形成,有着怎样的潜在的联系。通过对上海一个叫做平民村的里弄的场景描述和历史追述,本书试图说明里弄邻里本身并不是一个先定的社会实体,而是一系列以居住地为地理区位的社会关系的组合以及居民自身的居住认同所共同建构的公共空间。它一方面受到社会主义革命和政治运动的影响,在改革开放以后又受到房地产发展商等市场力量的改造;另一方面也随着邻里内居民的互动、交往和认同的变化而变化。其中,国家权力的渗透和家庭参与是邻里这一公共空间生产的主要动力。本书着重分析了在邻里空间中国家权力的主要表现方式和家庭参与邻里生活的各种方式,以及由此形成的关于家园的价值观。对于地方政府来说,地方经济增长和基层政治的稳定是地方权力的主要目标。而房地产业的进入,家庭从国家的控制中逐步解放使得街区内的权力呈现多元化趋势。在这样的正式权力的背景下,作者分析了两类主要的市民团体:一类是社区治理型组织,主要是居委会和业主委员会;另一类是社区服务性组织,尤其是各类志愿团体。居委会作为占主导地位的组织,它一方面依赖于政府的权威来实现对邻里的治理,另一方面由于政府的资源有限以及直接面对家庭,它又依赖于它的草根动员网络、组织与居民之间的信任以及组织和积极分子之间的互惠关系来完成它的组织目标。而其他新兴市民组织比居委会表现出更多的自治性质。与这些市民团体相关联的是居民的集体行动,它包括政府自上而下发动的群众运动和居民自下而上的维权运动。这两类运动都以邻里为基础展开,两者都需要动员居民的参与,而居民可以采取较真的策略来实现自己的居住权益,但同时也促进了基层治理逻辑的变更。不过,两者同时也都不断巩固了国家的权威。通过对这些组织和运动的民族志描述,作者试图指出:在里弄邻里中,各类市民团体和邻里运动推动了邻里公共空间的生产,它们构成了邻里中的草根参与网络、相互信任的关系以及普遍互惠的规范。这些组织和行动一方面表达着国家权力的渗透,另一方面又包含着对国家权力关系的抵制和扭曲。这种依赖和自治的双重特征使得这些地方性的零碎的组织和“社会运动的日常形式”不构成西方意义上的公民社会要素,它们所构成的底层的抗争也很容易被国家权力所吸纳,但是这种抗争在被吸纳的过程中又促进地方权力自身话语和实践的改变,在权威机制自身发生变革时,这些组织与行动所形成的网络和规范为民主化转型提供了可用的社会资本。

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简 介:本书是中山大学社会工作专业历届毕业生的优秀论文选集。作者们从不同的角度探索国内现今各类不同的社会问题、处遇方式,以及社会工作发展面临的挑战。这些作品充满了浓郁的本土气息,反映了当下中国社会所面临的各种转型问题,以及社会变迁给人们带来的冲击、疏离、贫穷和苦难;与此同时,也让我们看到社会工作者如何将人本主义的关怀带给人们,...

作者: 张和清 许怡 徐岩
出版社:社会科学文献出版社
出版时间: 2015年07月

简 介:本书旨在研究国家治理体系和治理能力的基础性问题,分析中国现代国家治理体系的基本内涵、构成及特征,研究提高国家治理能力的方法与路径,并提出国家治理的评估指标体系,着重从国家建设、政党建设、政府建设和社会建设等方面入手,深入分析当前中国现代国家治理体系构建的重要任务和改革方向。本书不仅有利于推进中国现代国家治理体系和治理能...

作者: 燕继荣
出版社:社会科学文献出版社
出版时间: 2018年08月

简 介:本书以“说故事”的方式,展现了名苑社区邻里维权与反维权的生活史。从2000年延续至今的维权/反维权行动,在街区邻里生活世界中呈现为“流动着的社会事实和实践着的权力关系”。多元行动力量的互动和博弈实质,是“权力管制逻辑”与“业主自治逻辑”的内在冲突。从“维护物权”到“争夺治权”、再到“要求规则合理化”,邻里行动者以“问题...

作者: 刘威
出版社:社会科学文献出版社
出版时间: 2018年02月

简 介:由中国社会科学院、全国博士后管理委员会和中国博士后科学基金会共同主办,中国社会科学院博士后管理委员会、中国社会科学院社会学研究所和云南大学联合承办的第十届中国社会学博士后论坛的主题为“新常态下的社会发展”,20多名博士后围绕主题从不同角度展开交流与讨论,本书是从本次论坛中遴选出的优秀研究成果的汇编。

出版社:社会科学文献出版社
出版时间: 2016年08月

简 介:本书运用文集、方志、报刊、档案等多种史料,结合田野调查,从近代以来福建省福州市的自然环境、市场网络和民间宗教、地方权力等角度,探讨近代福州市民在社会变迁和局势动荡情况下,如何自我调适,应对灾害,以说明自然灾害与民间组织的嬗变、基层自治之间的关系。

作者: 徐文彬
出版社:社会科学文献出版社
出版时间: 2018年03月