篇章数

21

引证文献

0 !

参考文献

543

深化改革与中国经济长期发展图书

Deepening Reform for China's Long-Term Growth and Development

SSAPID:101-7122-3616-80
ISBN:978-7-5097-7145-7
DOI:
ISSN:

[内容简介] 本书分为五个部分,第一部分讨论了决定经济增长速度的巨大力量;第二部分讨论了中国国内和全球正在盛行的环境保护优先观念如何对经济发展某些方面产生重要影响;第三部分详细论述了金融领域的改革;第四部分重点关注了要素市场,即土地市场、劳动力市场和外国直接投资的作用;第五部分对决定生产力增长的重要因素进行了考察。

相关信息

丛书名:“中国经济前沿”丛书
编 辑:林尧;于飞
出版社:社会科学文献出版社
出版时间: 2015年04月
语 种:中文
中图分类:F8 财政、金融

 本书撰稿人

 经济增长的新模式

  改革与中国的长期发展

   一 导论

   二 历史长河中的改革时代

   三 经济增长放缓和未来增长新源泉

   四 经济增长新模式的改革内容

   五 本书的结构

  从人口红利到改革红利

   一 引言

   二 改革红利的理论逻辑

   三 模拟“改革红利”

    (一)模型*

    (二)数据来源

     1.国内生产总值和资本存量

     2.潜在就业

     3.人力资本

    (三)模拟结果

     1.放松人口生育政策的“短期”和“长期”效应

     2.劳动参与率的递减“效应”

     3.全要素生产率(TFP)的递增“效应”

     4.人力资本的“增长效应”:提高升学率VS增加培训

     5.政策组合的“增长效应”

   四 改革优先领域和改革方式

  结构失衡、收入分配与经济增长

   一 引言

   二 收入分配对消费和储蓄的影响

   三 消费需求不足与结构失衡

    (一)高度的出口依赖

    (二)过度的投资依赖

    (三)增长放缓和资本回报率下降

   四 有没有一个“黄金储蓄率”(Golden Rule Saving Rate)?

    (一)投资扩张政策的适用条件

    (二)有没有一个储蓄和投资的“黄金律”?

    (三)储蓄率和消费率多高更合理?

  国家控制、企业及资源配置

   一 引言

   二 经济转型、国家控制资源和企业

    (一)企业性质和类型

    (二)市场转型和企业演变

    (三)企业类型的决定因素

    (四)政府控制资源和转型中的企业发展

   三 政府控制资源和改革初期(1978~1992年)的私营企业

   四 国家控制资源和私营企业全面市场改革阶段:1993年至今

    (一)日新月异的体制环境和私营企业的市场机遇

    (二)基于市场的资源控制和私营企业的演变

    (三)国有企业改制和私营企业壮大

    (四)产业战略和不均匀的国有企业和非国有企业分布

    (五)受控制的金融体系和私营企业获取资本的途径

    (六)国家主导土地市场的发展和私营企业的准入

    (七)市场改革期间政府控制资源的优点

    (八)资源控制的不利影响是什么?什么时候会恶化?

     1.扭曲的投资模式

     2.资源获取、寻租活动及非生产性企业

    (九)国有企业和非国有企业的财务绩效

    (十)资源控制变化和生产效率

   五 结论

  中国投资的高速增长及内部调整路径*

   一 引言

   二 1978年以来中国的经济和产业转型

    (一)中国崛起概述

    (二)GDP中家庭消费份额的下降

     1.工业化及出口导向增长

     2.国家激励支持高额国家储蓄及投资

     3.投资回报率的下降

    (三)中国将如何转型

     1.投资占GDP比重下降

     2.家庭消费扮演越来越重要的角色

     3.GDP和资本存量增长的意义

     4.投资占GDP比重下降的CGE模型结果

   三 结论

  中等收入陷阱与中国的增长前景

   一 引言

   二 什么是中等收入陷阱?

   三 哪些特征可以用来区分“成功”与“失败”?

    (一)投资和储蓄

    (二)制造业部门

    (三)贸易开放度

    (四)贸易类型

    (五)教育

    (六)人口特征和健康

    (七)收入不平等

    (八)民主和冲突

   四 中国有能力避免中等收入陷阱吗?

    (一)高储蓄和高投资

    (二)制造业引导的经济增长

    (三)人力资本形成

    (四)人口红利

    (五)宏观经济稳定性

    (六)风险:不断上升的不平等

   五 结论

  经济改革日程的短期效应*

   一 引言

   二 中国的转型:重要改革的动机

    (一)储蓄

    (二)家庭储蓄

    (三)公司储蓄

    (四)政府储蓄

    (五)经常性账户余额

   三 国际化和私人金融资金流的新角色

   四 对实际汇率的特殊敏感性

   五 中国经济的一个垄断模型

    (一)模型结构

     1.宏观经济表现

     2.实际模型中的短期效果

     3.垄断供给

    (二)基础数据及其所代表的中国经济结构

   六 进一步的产业改革与短期增长

   七 资本账户自由化

   八 结论

 低碳增长和气候变化政策

  绿色发展如何成为促进欠发达地区发展的新杠杆*

   一 导论

   二 贫困地区绿色发展的新优势

    (一)新的历史条件下贫困地区发展的根本性变化

    (二)历史条件变化如何突破传统发展约束

   三 绿色发展:欠发达地区的新机遇

    (一)经济发展的内在机制

    (二)绿色转型给贫困地区带来的机遇

   四 绿色发展成为新杠杆的机制和政策

    (一)绿色发展对中国发展模式带来的挑战

    (二)如何在贫困地区实现绿色发展

   五 结语

  中国气候与能源政策*

   一 引言

   二 中国能源使用与排放:最近进展

    (一)国际比较中的中国

    (二)能源使用、能源构成与二氧化碳排放的趋势

    (三)排放强度目标

    (四)排放强度展望

    (五)中国2020年排放强度目标意味着什么?

    (六)2020年之后的发展轨迹与目标

   三 中国能源部门面临的挑战

    (一)能源部门当前面临的挑战

     1.能源结构的调整

     2.化石燃料能源总体规模的增长

     3.对进口能源依赖的不断增加

    (二)应对需求的一种能源战略

    (三)逐步淘汰煤炭

   四 政策工具与目标

    (一)碳排放权交易试点计划

    (二)全国性碳排放权交易计划

    (三)政策目标

   五 结论

 金融体系改革

  中国金融改革最后的战役

   一 引言

   二 中国金融改革的逻辑

   三 加速金融改革的理由

   四 未来将会发生什么?

   五 结论

  澳大利亚和中国的金融改革*

   一 导论

   二 澳大利亚的金融改革经验

    20世纪50年代和60年代

    固定汇率制度和资本管制制度

    澳大利亚的国内银行业监管

    20世纪70年代

    对资金流入管理的挑战

    政策回应

    市场反应

    20世纪80年代

    实行浮动汇率制以来的发展情形

    银行监管

    澳大利亚对冲市场的发展

   三 中国金融体系改革

    不断扩张的金融体系

    20世纪80年代的银行体系和利率调控

    20世纪80年代的资本管制和人民币汇率

    20世纪90年代金融市场的增长和银行业的脆弱性

    20世纪90年代晚期到21世纪早期中国利率管制放松的若干步骤

    20世纪90年代的汇率体制和资本管制

    中国金融改革议程的演进

    银行业管制的放松

    资本管制

    汇率

   四 澳大利亚与中国的金融改革的比较

    改革背景

    资本账户自由化的路径

    后改革时代的挑战

   五 结论

  中国和印度的金融开放度:对资本账户自由化的启示*

   一 导论

   二 境内和离岸远期外汇汇率

   三 境内短期利率和离岸短期利率

   四 股票市场的国际一体化

   五 资本账户开放的影响和意义

   六 总结

  提高中国金融业和全球货币体系的应变能力

   一 追求现代经济持续增长

   二 金融部门改革议程

   三 稳步实现金融业现代化,提升金融消防能力

   四 深化金融政策的国际合作

   五 结束语

 要素市场改革

  中国当前增长方式下的城市化模式与土地制度改革

   一 引言

   二 中国当前阶段经济增长方式:制度背景与主要特点

   三 当前中国经济增长方式下的城市化模式及其扭曲

    (一)空间城市化“大跃进”中的用地结构失衡与房地产泡沫

    (二)户籍制度改革中的人口不完全城市化:流动人口与失地农民

     1.不完全人口城市化与刘易斯转折点悖论

     2.城市化过程中的土地征用与农村建设用地管理体制

     3.纯农区的宅基地闲置与空心村现象

     4.“城中村”“城郊村”与“小产权房”

   四 以土地与相关配套改革带动新型城市化与新经济增长方式

    1.征地制度改革

    2.集体建设用地制度改革

    3.保障性住房还是住房保障

    4.以城中村改造为突破口的土地-户籍-财政体制联动改革

   五 结论

  中国劳动力市场紧张局势和未来城镇化挑战*

   一 引言

   二 城镇化战略和产业升级政策

   三 外来务工人员工资变化

    (一)实情

    (二)实际工资增长的原因

     1.劳动力短缺

     2.城市劳动力短缺和工资增长

     3.最低工资的影响

     4.农业补贴和农村福利政策

    (三)新城镇化战略及其潜在挑战

   三 潜在挑战

    (一)产业升级创造的劳动力市场神话

    (二)小城镇政策和中国未来增长的启示

   四 结论

  FDI对中国区域经济增长的影响

   一 引言

   二 FDI和经济增长:理论与文献

   三 分析框架和经验模型

   四 变量设定和数据介绍

   五 回归结果及其解释

    (一)FDI对经济增长的影响:所有省份

    (二)FDI对经济增长的影响:分地区

   六 结论

 生产力,专利制度和投资法律

  中国工业增长源泉分析:1980~2010年*

   一 引言

   二 思考政府的角色

   三 度量全要素生产率

   四 数据,产业分组和历史分期

   五 结果和讨论

   六 总结

  中国工业部门的增长、结构变化和生产率差距

   一 工业增长及其分析

    (一)工业增长分析

    (二)中国工业研究

   二 工业部门的结构变化

   三 理解生产率差距

   四 生产力差距的进一步分析

   五 结论

  中国铁路部门的重要性、发展与改革面临的挑战*

   一 简介

   二 历史背景和当前形势

    (一)客运

    (二)货运

    (三)煤炭运输

   三 铁道部和中国铁路总公司

   四 国际比较视角下的中国铁路部门

    (一)全球铁路业中的中国铁路概况

    (二)全球视角下的铁路监管

    (三)所有权结构和监管方式的分析框架

   五 中国的铁路改革和未来的挑战

    (一)概述

    (二)受到压抑的盈利能力

    (三)债务累积

    (四)改革与重组

    (五)铁路建设、民间投资和改革

    (六)债务管理

    (七)铁路运价改革

    (八)铁路服务改革

   六 结论

  中国的专利制度、创新与经济发展

   一 引言

   二 专利制度背后的核心经济学理论

    (一)支持与反对专利制度的不同观点

    (二)中国的专利制度

   三 关于经济发展过程中专利制度的优化设计:我们能从文献中学到什么?

    (一)专利制度的最佳设计

    (二)专利制度、国际贸易与技术转移

    (三)专利制度与经济发展

   四 结论与启示

  中国的外商投资法律与政策:发展脉络与问题阐释

   一 引言

   二 中国外商投资法律与政策的基本架构

    (一)法律法规

    (二)指导目录

    (三)政策性规定

   三 中国外商投资法律与政策的演变

    (一)投资地域逐步扩大

    (二)投资领域逐步变广

     1.《指导目录》

     2.《中西部优势产业目录》

    (三)投资类型逐步增多

    (四)审批程序不断完善

    (五)超国民待遇的逐步取消

    (六)次国民待遇的逐步减少

    (七)进一步改革之里程碑——中国(上海)自由贸易试验区的设立

   四 中国外商投资法律及政策中存在的问题

    (一)法律体系庞杂

    (二)审批标准模糊

    (三)投资产业限制

    (四)征收补偿标准不明

   五 结论

本书分为五个部分,共21篇文章。第一部分讨论了决定经济增长速度的巨大力量。这些基本力量的相互作用,决定着中国是否能够继续向前发展,并最终跨入发达经济体行列。第二部分讨论了中国国内和全球正在盛行的环境保护优先观念如何对经济发展某些方面产生重要影响。本书的第三部分详细论述了金融领域的改革。金融领域的改革是贯彻经济增长新模式的必备条件,具有效果直接、情况复杂、风险较大的特点。在论述了金融领域改革后,本书第四部分重点关注了要素市场,即土地市场、劳动力市场和外国直接投资的作用。本书的第五部分共五篇文章,对决定生产力增长的重要因素进行了考察。

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