篇章数

9

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0 !

参考文献

222

关系、权力与市场图书

Guanxi intensive market

SSAPID:101-3159-8159-71
ISBN:978-7-5097-0309-0
DOI:
ISSN:

[内容简介] 本书阐述了“关系”不仅在微观层面充当了正式规则的转换机制,而且深刻地塑造了中国房地产市场的形态,进而影响到社会层结构的生成。

相关信息

丛书名:
作 者: 李林艳
编 辑:胡涛;童根兴
出版社:社会科学文献出版社
出版时间: 2008年08月
语 种:中文
中图分类:E 军事

 附录 主要访谈对象简介

 摘要

 后记

 引言

  一

  二

  三

 第一章 “关系”研究的进路

  一 “关系”的三种论题

   1.文化论题

   2.结构论题

   3.工具论题

  二 重回“关系”的文化论题

  三 “关系”的界定

   1.“关系”作为一种弱关系文化

   2.“弱关系的弱势”与关系文化的特质

   3.“关系”作为文化、结构与行动的统一体

   4.“关系”的社会本体论立场

  四 小结

 第二章 市场中的社会关系:一种解释方案

  一 重思市场

  二 市场中的社会关系及其理论化方向

  三 制度基础与交易安排

   1.市场协调的三种机制

   2.制度基础与交易安排的区分

  四 市场中社会关系的不同来源

 第三章 转型经济的历史语境

  一 转型经济:理论与视角

   1.理论分野

   2.多元视角

  二 “关系”对于中国转型经济的认识意义

   1.转型经济的特征

   2.社会网络研究的简要评述

   3.“关系”对中国转型经济的认识意义

  三 制度遗产:中国官本位制度的谱系

   1.制度遗产的价值

   2.中国历史上的官僚制度

   3.社会主义的官本位制度

   4.中国社会主义建设时期的官本位制度

   5.改革开放以后的中国官本位制度

 第四章 房地产市场的迷思

  一 城市生长隐喻与房地产市场

  二 中国房地产市场发育的制度背景

   1.房地产制度的演进脉络

   2.中国房地产市场的制度环境特征

  三 研究策略

   1.研究问题与研究角度

   2.研究地点

   3.调查对象与方法

   4.调查内容

 第五章 房地产市场中的“关系”(上篇)

  一 “关系”的意义

  二 前期:一百多个公章

  三 中期:政府权力的渗透

   1.开发商的市场地位优势

   2.开发商的双重地位与“关系”策略

   3.“关系”经营与项目管理

   4.不同类型的“关系”

  四 后期:回避“关系”的艺术

  五 与城市政府官员的“关系”

  六 小结

 第六章 房地产市场中的“关系”(下篇)

  一 “关系”的类型

   1.结构主导型

   2.信任主导型

   3.情感主导型

  二 “关系”的内涵

   1.“关系”的四重命题

   2.“关系”中的情感因素

   3.房地产商的情感技术

   4.情感的文化意含

   5.“关系”的商品化动向

  三 “关系”经营策略

   1.分清主次,上下兼顾

   2.采取主动,占尽先机

   3.利益为重,兼顾安全

   4.善交朋友,广结人缘

   5.慷慨待人,节约成本

  四 “关系”与正式规则

  五 小结

 第七章 关系密集型市场的成因与后果

  一 社会关系与资金运用

  二 制度基础与微观环境

   1.制度环境的适应问题

   2.房地产企业制度环境的形式特征

   3.“关系”与微观环境的塑造

  三 文化特质与利益组合

  四 关系密集的后果

   1.市场的失序和脆弱

   2.社会结构的失衡

 第八章 结语

  一 “关系”的分化论

  二 市场中“关系”的不同根源

  三 超越强—弱关系的二元对立

  四 “关系”黑洞与经济转型

  五 本研究的局限

本书是一项有关中国房地产市场运行机制的社会学研究。具体而言,作者围绕着房地产市场中的“关系”现象,对这一市场的实际运行秩序进行了深入的调查和分析。研究发现,“关系”作为一种微观的社会结构生成原则,在房地产市场与外部制度环境的关系上,充当一种正式规则的转换机制;在房地产市场内部,则发挥一种经济资源的配置功能,从而深刻地塑造了中国房地产市场的形态。作者指出,在中国房地产市场发育初期资金短缺的特殊历史条件下,“关系”这一微观社会动力因素,构成了促进房地产市场发育与发展的一种重要驱动力量。当然,从围绕着房地产市场展开的利益角逐中,我们也不难看出当今中国社会分化的若干趋势和机制。本书沿三条主轴,建构出一个“关系”的理论分析框架。第一,把“关系”阐释为一种强化弱关系的文化传统,并强调这一文化传统对于中国社会的本体论意义。第二,把市场中的“关系”现象,纳入到一个市场的构成理论中去思考。把市场中的社会关系区分为内生性和外源性两种类型,指出市场本身的特性和制度环境的因素都有可能是社会关系在市场中生长的土壤。这是作者观察和解释房地产市场中“关系”的不同性质与作用的理论前提。第三,在转型经济的历史语境中探讨“关系”,揭示这一微观现象对于诊断中国转型经济之未来走向的特殊寓意。作为具体研究场景,房地产市场被刻画为一种特殊的市场类型,它对制度环境具有高度的依赖性。鉴于制度环境对于房地产市场的影响力,作者回顾了中国官本位的制度遗产及其对市场经济的调适和影响,之后又对中国房地产市场制度的演进脉络及其制度环境特征进行梳理。经过上述的理论视角澄清和社会背景铺垫,就正式进入房地产市场的“田野”。在描述了房地产企业的关系实践之后,就关系的类型、内涵和经营策略进行了深入的分析和讨论,并认为情感主导型关系,亦即中国本土意义上的“关系”,才是房地产市场社会关系实践的典型模式。作者也尝试着分析了房地产市场之所以成为关系密集型市场的根源。在经验资料的基础上,作者还提出了一种“关系”的分化论观点,以回应当前学界有关“关系”之变动趋势的争论。另外,作者提出“关系”黑洞的概念,用于揭示中国转型经济所面临的困境。

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