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当代中国生态人类学图书

Current Ecological Anthropology in China

SSAPID:101-3103-6280-33
ISBN:978-7-5201-3102-5
DOI:
ISSN:

[内容简介] 生态人类学是人类学的重要分支。本书在简要回顾我国生态人类学研究历程的基础上,重点通过三个专题的九个案例展示了当代中国生态人类学研究的前沿,包括全球价值链下的生态人类学研究、生态补偿政策下的人类学研究以及地方性知识的参与式技术开发。通过这三个专题的案例,本书试图展示生态人类学在我国研究理论、研究方法以及研究邻域三方面的研究前沿。

相关信息

丛书名:云南大学西南边疆少数民族研究中心文库·生态人类学研究系列
作 者: 何俊
编 辑:佟英磊;刘俊艳
出版社:社会科学文献出版社
出版时间: 2018年11月
语 种:汉文
中图分类:C91 社会学

 禀承优良传统 创建一流学科

 “云南大学西南边疆少数民族研究中心文库”编委会

 文前辅文

 前言

 

  总论 探寻当代中国生态人类学研究

   1.引言

   2.生态人类学的研究回顾

    2.1 对传统生态文化的理解

    2.2 对传统生态技术的挖掘

    2.3 对传统生态管理的探讨

   3.当代生态人类学研究

    3.1 理论的前沿

    3.2 研究方法的前沿

    3.4 研究领域的前沿

   4.关于本书

 第1编:全球价值链

  松茸价值链的文化嵌入

   1.引言

   2.云南松茸的商品化

   3.价值链方法

   4.研究方法和研究地点

   5.纵观松茸价值链:一个48小时完成的贸易

   6.松茸价值链中的参与者、准入以及利润

    6.1 松茸采集者

    6.2 村级贸易商:“中间商”

    6.3 镇级贸易商

    6.4 大户贸易商和出口公司

   7.利润差异和分配

   8.价值链中的机制

   9.结论

    9.1 重新定义中间商,把全球化作为地方化力量

    9.2 政策建议

  森林采伐指标的政策与社会体系

   1.引言

   2.采伐指标的配额政策

   3.项目研究地点和研究方法

    3.1 项目研究地点

    3.2 研究方法

   4.项目研究地点的采伐指标管理和木材贸易

    4.1 当地采伐指标配额

    4.2 当地木材采伐

    4.3 木材贸易

   5.项目研究地点配额制度的影响

    5.1 木材贸易中的利益分享形式

    5.2 村社对配额制度的反应

   6.讨论

   7.结语

  造林项目种苗供应系统中的国家治理

   1.引言

   2.研究地点

   3.研究方法

   4.苗木供应系统的发展:历史概述

   5.分权后苗圃的类型和规模

    5.1 国有苗圃的特征

    5.2 集体苗圃的特征

    5.3 个体苗圃的特征

   6.分权管理后的苗圃生产及经营

   7.分权管理后的苗木供应系统

   8.讨论

   9.结语

 第2编:生态补偿

  退耕还林工程生态补偿政策中的治理观念

   1.引言

   2.森林恢复治理的分权管理分析

   3.研究地点和方法

    3.1 研究地点

    3.2 研究方法

   4.研究结果

    4.1 地方机构的森林管理

     4.1.1 平掌村

     4.1.2 新岐村

    4.2 退耕还林工程的本地参与和决策

     4.2.1 退耕还林工程中的地方参与

     4.2.2 地方决策的动态性

    4.3 退耕还林工程的环境和社会影响

     4.3.1 退耕后森林覆盖率的变化

     4.3.2 社会经济成果

   5.讨论和结论

  社会公正与退耕还林生态系统补偿

   1.引言

   2.应用环境公正视角审视生态系统服务付费

   3.项目研究地点及研究方法

    3.1 研究地点

    3.2 研究方法

   4.杨柳村退耕还林结果

    4.1 杨柳村退耕还林实施情况

    4.2 2002年至2011年的土地利用变化情况

    4.3 2002年至2011年的生计变化情况

   5.公正概念的深层含义

    5.1 嵌入国家政策中和当地政府官员持有的公正概念

    5.2 村民心目中的公正概念

    5.3 公正概念的局部重叠

   6.结语

  参与式方法在退耕还林中的运用

   1.背景

   2.研究方法

   3.研究地点

   4.调查地点退耕还林的基本情况

   5.研究发现

    5.1 退耕还林操作的一般步骤

    5.2 参与式的退耕还林操作

    5.3 实施效果的比较

   6.研究分析

    6.1 参与式程度的分析

    6.2 不同项目实施效果产生的原因

     6.2.1 信息的公开和透明

     6.2.2 农户的主体性和共同协商

     6.2.3 社会成本的问题

    6.3 制约参与式方法运用的因素

     6.3.1 能力建设的缺乏

     6.3.2 传统做法的约束

     6.3.3 思想和认识的束缚

     6.3.4 时间问题的局限

     6.3.5 信息流通的阻碍

   7.结论和建议

    7.1 目标地块的选择

    7.2 提高农户的参与积极性

    7.3 信息的公开透明和反馈渠道

    7.4 基层能力建设和意识教育

    7.5 监测评估的机制以及社会的介入

    7.6 目标人群的考虑

    7.7 分权管理

 第3编:参与式技术开发

  干巴菌的地方性知识与参与式技术开发

   1.引言

   2.研究材料与研究方法

    2.1 研究物种

    2.2 调查地点

    2.3 跨学科的研究方法

     2.3.1 总体的研究框架

     2.3.2 评估社会经济现状

     2.3.3 试验地选取和监测

     2.3.4 数据分析

   3.研究结果

    3.1 建立野生菌的地方管理机制

    3.2 野生菌生境管理

    3.3 改进采集方式

    3.4 综合管理的经济和生态效益

   4.讨论与结论

  民族药材的参与式技术开发

   1.引言

   2.研究方法

    2.1 研究地点

    2.2 退耕还林(SLCP)

    2.3 参与式技术开发过程(PTD)

     2.3.1 准备开始

     2.3.2 寻找可以尝试的事物

     2.3.3 实验设计

     2.3.4 尝试事物

     2.3.5 分享成果

     2.3.6 保持过程

   3.研究结果

    3.1 参与式技术开发的政策环境

    3.2 适应性知识体系

    3.3 参与式监测和评估

    3.4 发展生计的经济效益

    3.5 生态可持续性

   4.讨论

   5.结论

  增强地方性知识在生物多样性保育中的作用

   1.引言

   2.乡土知识的概念

   3.调查地点基本情况

   4.乡土知识与生物多样性保育的实践

    4.1 认知、宗教信仰与生物多性保育

    4.2 农业技术实践与农业生物多样性保育

    4.3 社区组织机制与生物多样性的保育

   5.结束语

生态人类学是人类学的重要分支。本书在简要回顾我国生态人类学研究历程的基础上,重点通过三个专题的九个案例展示了当代中国生态人类学研究的前沿,包括全球价值链下的生态人类学研究、生态补偿政策下的人类学研究以及地方性知识的参与式技术开发。通过这三个专题的案例,本书试图展示生态人类学在我国研究理论、研究方法以及研究邻域三方面的研究前沿。

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