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贫困测量:理论与方法 (第二版)图书

The Measurement of Poverty: Theories and Methods (Second Edition)

SSAPID:101-1691-9585-07
ISBN:978-7-5097-9692-4
DOI:
ISSN:

[内容简介] 2015年11月29日《中共中央、国务院关于打赢脱贫攻坚战的决定》出台,标志着五年(2016-2020年)脱贫攻坚战的打响。在国家新一轮脱贫攻坚战的影响下,从事精准扶贫的研究者迅速增加,社会各界对《贫困测量:理论与方法》的需求相应增长。本书是其的修订版。本次修订主要是在第一版的基础上增补了“中国收入贫困与多维贫困关系”“流动妇女多维贫困分析”“中国儿童多维贫困AF方法分析”3章,其增补的内容理论指导性更强,更具现实意义。

相关信息

丛书名:
作 者: 王小林
编 辑:恽薇
出版社:社会科学文献出版社
出版时间: 2016年12月
语 种:中文
中图分类:C91 社会学

 自序

 索引

 后记

 第一版序

 第一版前言

 第一章 贫困概念的演进

  一 引言

  二 经济学视角的基本需要理论

   (一)基本需要

   (二)收入/消费贫困

   (三)资产贫困

  三 社会学视角的社会排斥理论

  四 发展学视角的能力方法和多维贫困理论

   (一)能力方法

   (二)多维贫困

  五 政治学视角的贫困理论

   (一)阶级理论

   (二)权利理论

   (三)共同富裕理论

  六 结论与讨论

 第二章 贫困标准及全球贫困状况

  一 收入/消费标准

   (一)英国和美国的收入贫困标准

    1.英国的贫困标准及其变化

    2.美国的贫困标准

   (二)中国的贫困标准及其变化

    1.农村绝对贫困标准

    2.农村低收入标准

    3.当前的农村贫困标准

    4.中国农村贫困标准与世界银行贫困标准的比较

    5.中国农村贫困人口

   (三)世界银行的贫困标准

    1.1美元/天贫困线

    2.1.25美元/天和2美元/天贫困线的修订

    3.1.9美元贫困线

    4.当前全球贫困状况

  二 多维贫困指数

   (一)为什么要测量多维贫困

   (二)如何测量多维贫困

    1.多维贫困指数(MPI)

    2.维度和指标的确定

    3.MPI的测量

   (三)全球多维贫困状况

   (四)多维贫困指数的优缺点

  三 结论与讨论

 第三章 中国收入贫困的动态变化测量

  一 引言

  二 方法和模型

   (一)贫困测量

   (二)不公平测量

   (三)贫困线的定义

  三 贫困和不公平状况

   (一)相对贫困

   (二)绝对贫困

   (三)不公平

  四 增长率曲线

  五 结语

 第四章 收入贫困测量:以阿坝藏族羌族自治州为例

  一 引言

  二 概念框架

  三 方法和模型

   (一)贫困测量方法

   (二)贫困决定模型

  四 数据及估计

   (一)数据

   (二)描述统计

    1.阿坝藏族羌族自治州概况

    2.户主特征

   (三)分析结果

    1.贫困状况

    2.不公平状况

    3.贫困决定模型估计结果

  五 结论和政策建议

   (一)主要结论

   (二)政策建议

 第五章 中国多维贫困测量

  一 文献回顾

   (一)国外研究

   (二)国内研究

  二 AF方法

  三 维度及指标设定

   (一)维度设定

   (二)指标解释

  四 多维贫困估计结果

   (一)多维贫困指数

   (二)多维贫困指数分解

  五 结论与讨论

 第六章 中国收入贫困与多维贫困关系*

  一 引言

  二 概念框架

  三 模型、方法和数据

   (一)模型与方法

    1.贫困识别和加总方法

    2.贫困与多维贫困关系分析方法

   (二)维度、指标及贫困描述

  四 收入贫困与多维度贫困的比较分析

   (一)统计分析

    1.收入贫困与多维度贫困的关联与差异

    2.收入贫困与各贫困维度的关联与差异

   (二)Logit模型估计结果及稳健性检验

    1.Logit模型估计结果分析

    2.Logit模型估计结果的稳健性检验

  五 结论和政策建议

 第七章 中国城乡居民的主观福利和相对贫困

  一 文献回顾

  二 概念框架、模型和数据

   (一)概念框架

   (二)模型

   (三)数据

   (四)描述统计

  三 模型估计及检验

  四 结论与讨论

   (一)主要结论

   (二)几点讨论

 第八章 中国老年人主观福利及贫困状况研究*

  一 引言

  二 文献回顾及概念框架

   (一)贫困的多维性

   (二)贫困的主观性

   (三)概念框架

  三 模型和数据

   (一)模型

   (二)数据和变量

   (三)中国城乡老年人基本状况

  四 模型估计及检验

  五 主要结论与政策建议

   (一)主要结论

   (二)政策建议

 第九章 中国流动妇女多维贫困分析:北京市家政服务业案例*

  一 研究的问题

  二 文献评述

  三 理论框架和分析方法

   (一)理论框架

   (二)分析方法

    1.AF方法

    2.“贫”的分析——FGT方法

    3.客观“贫”和“困”的测量——基于AF方法的MPI-I

    4.客观“贫”和主客观“困”的测量——基于AF方法的MPI-Ⅱ

   (三)维度选取及变量解释

    1.收入

    2.教育

    3.健康

    4.生活水平

    5.社会融入

  四 数据及分析结果

   (一)描述统计结果

   (二)收入贫困

   (三)多维贫困指数(MPI-I)

   (四)多维贫困指数(MPI-Ⅱ)

  五 主要结论及政策建议

   (一)主要结论

   (二)政策建议

    1.健全城乡一体化体制机制,打破城乡分割的公共服务制度

    2.促进流动人口多维度城镇化,让流动妇女真正成为城市的一员

    3.建立健全有效的贫困识别机制,覆盖流动贫困妇女

    4.动员企业和社会力量,加强流动妇女能力建设

    5.加强法制建设,保障妇女权益

 第十章 中国儿童多维贫困描述统计分析*

  一 引言

  二 文献综述

   (一)关于儿童贫困的含义

    1.联合国儿童基金会的定义

    2.英国儿童贫困研究与政策中心的定义

    3.基督教儿童福利基金会的定义

   (二)儿童贫困的主要测量方法

    1.货币分析法

    2.剥夺法

    3.社会排斥法

    4.福利分析法

  三 分析框架与数据说明

   (一)分析框架

   (二)数据说明

  四 儿童多维贫困分析

   (一)生存

    1.吃饭

    2.居住

    3.主观贫困

    4.脆弱性

   (二)健康

    1.健康状况和健康行为

    2.卫生服务的可及性

    3.饮用水

    4.卫生设施

    5.能源与环境

   (三)保护

    1.家庭暴力或家长体罚儿童

    2.校园暴力

    3.社会上针对儿童的暴力

    4.其他不安全因素

   (四)发展

    1.适龄儿童的入学率

    2.少数儿童感觉上学“非常远”

    3.体美教育缺失

    4.家庭和社区教育缺失

    5.儿童对社区体育设施的向往

    6.没有户籍的儿童

   (五)参与

    1.日常生活

    2.学习

    3.交友

    4.业余爱好

  五 主要结论和政策建议

   (一)主要结论

   (二)政策建议

 第十一章 中国儿童多维贫困AF方法分析Asian Social Work and Policy Review,9(2),pp.109-124。">*

  一 问题的提出

  二 文献综述

  三 理论框架与方法

   (一)理论框架

   (二)分析方法

   (三)数据来源

  四 估计结果

   (一)儿童遭受多维贫困

   (二)残疾儿童多维贫困状况比较严重,尤其是参与和健康维度

   (三)来自受到艾滋病影响家庭的儿童,多维贫困指数明显偏高

   (四)儿童多维贫困的地区差异明显

   (五)少数民族儿童多维贫困状况严重

  五 结论与建议

   (一)主要结论

   (二)政策建议

 第十二章 中国经济增长的利贫性测量

  一 引言

  二 利贫增长的定义和测量方法

   (一)Kakwani和Pernia利贫增长指数(PPGI)

   (二)Ravallion和Chen利贫增长指数

    1.增长率曲线(Growth Incidence Curve,GIC)

    2.测量利贫增长

   (三)Kakwani,Khandker和Son利贫增长指数 (PEGR)

  三 中国增长利贫性测量

   (一)利贫增长测量结果

    1.Kakwani和Pernia利贫增长指数(PPGI)测量结果

    2.Ravallion和Chen利贫增长指数测量结果

    3.Kakwani,Khandker和Son利贫增长指数测量结果

   (二)利贫增长原因解释

 第十三章 中国经济增长的包容性测量*

  一 包容性增长的内涵

   (一)减贫战略演进历程

   (二)包容性增长的内涵

  二 包容性增长的测量方法

   (一)构建包容性增长指数

   (二)选择维度和指标

   (三)权重、标准化及指标阈值

   (四)单项指标得分范围及目标值

   (五)指标结果的稳健性检验

  三 数据及结果

   (一)各项指标值及数据来源

   (二)评价结果及指标结果的稳健性检验

   (三)评价结果分析

  四 结论及建议

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