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世界经济前沿问题(上、下)图书

Frontier Issues in World Economics

SSAPID:101-0797-1216-95
ISBN:978-7-80230-916-6
DOI:
ISSN:
关键词:

世界经济 前沿

[内容简介] 本书就当前世界经济中人们所关注的重大热点问题的理论研究及其进展情况进行了综述。

相关信息

丛书名:领导干部决策大参考
作 者: 李向阳
编 辑:叶灼新;孙振远;屠敏珠
出版社:社会科学文献出版社
出版时间: 2008年01月
语 种:中文
中图分类:E 军事

 序言

 国际生产网络:理论与问题

  一 引言

  二 分工模式的测度与基本事实

   1.中间投入品贸易

   2.零部件贸易

   3.企业内贸易

   4.垂直产业内贸易

   5.垂直专业化

   6.小结

  三 需要理解的主要问题

  四 理论进展

   1.中间品贸易理论

   2.分散生产理论

   3.生产率的异质性

   4.不完全合约与生产组织形式选择

  五 总结性评论

 国际贸易与幼稚产业成长:一个综述

  一 引论

  二 为什么要进行幼稚产业的保护?

   1.传统李嘉图比较优势理论

   2.在动态李嘉图模型中,自由贸易的结果将使落后国家被锁定在国际分工的低端

   3.贸易保护后的情形

  三 如何进行幼稚产业的保护?

   1.幼稚产业保护、移动窄幅与整个经济的发展

   2.政策选择以及所面临的挑战

  四 实证的结果

  五 结论以及存在的问题

 国际贸易与经济增长

  一 概述

  二 “贸易与增长”思想的演进

  三 “贸易与增长”理论分析框架的形成

   (一)理论分析框架中“贸易—增长”关系的确立

    1.哈罗德乘数分析法

    2.内生增长理论下的改进

    3.分析发展中国家的相关模型

   (二)理论分析框架中“贸易—增长”关系的影响因素

    1.竞争优势

    2.规模报酬递增

    3.国家规模

    4.贸易结构

    5.劳动力市场

    6.制度

   (三)小结:贸易拉动经济增长的机制

  四 “贸易与增长”领域的实证研究

   (一)关于发展中国家的实证研究

   (二)弗兰克尔和罗默(1999)开创的实证思路及后续发展

   (三)国内外其他实证研究

   (四)实证研究中的争论:开放还是保护导致经济增长?

  五 已有研究评述

   1.在理论框架的发展上,贸易理论的新发展没有得到足够的体现

   2.以往研究中讨论的是“存在贸易、不存在贸易”的问题,而没有涉及到贸易自由化程度的问题

   3.与上面一点相关的是,已有的研究框架对贸易限制没有给予足够的重视

   4.与理论模型进展相比,实证研究仍存在较大的差距

 WTO争端解决机制的研究进展

  一 导言

  二 WTO争端解决机制概述

  三 DSM在国际贸易合作中的作用

   (一)主要理论模型与观点

    1.作为触发战略

    2.信息搜集和澄清

    3.重新谈判的工具

    4.突发冲击后的谈判与妥协

   (二)简要的评述

  四 多边贸易摩擦的推进模式

   (一)选择的歧视——多边贸易摩擦的提起模式

    1.选择的歧视是否存在

    2.存在选择歧视的原因

   (二)磋商与裁决——多边贸易摩擦的推进模式

    1.正式裁决前的双边磋商

    2.正式裁决

   (三)对抗与妥协——多边贸易摩擦的结果模式

    1.GATT/WTO正式裁决与争端政策效果

    2.国别特征与争端政策效果

    3.规则化改革与争端政策效果

  五 多边主义与区域主义——基于WTO争端解决机制的分析

   (一)GATT/WTO争端对区域经济组织发展的影响

    1.多边争端解决机制的缺陷对区域经济组织发展的影响

    2.多边争端解决行为对区域经济组织发展的长期动态影响

   (二)区域经济组织发展对GATT/WTO成员争端解决行为的影响

    1.多边贸易体系与区域经济组织的司法管辖权重叠问题

    2.影响GATT/WTO成员法庭选择行为的经济因素

    3.基石还是绊脚石——基于争端解决机制视角的分析

  六 绩效评价与改进建议

   (一)绩效评价

   (二)改进建议

  七 趋势分析与国别实践

  八 未来的研究问题

   1.DS中联盟的形成

   2.关于谁被申诉的问题

   3.WTO争端解决活动中政治因素的纳入及其模型化

 国际服务贸易的决定因素及其自由化对经济增长的影响

  一 引言

  二 国际服务贸易统计体系发展及统计数据来源

   1.适应GATS的国际服务贸易统计体系发展

   2.中国对国际服务贸易统计体系的研究及服务贸易数据

   3.国内对美国服务贸易统计制度的研究

   4.国际组织提供的国际服务贸易数据来源

  三 服务贸易的决定因素

   1.服务贸易出口和进口的决定因素

   2.旅行贸易的决定因素

   3.运输贸易的决定因素

   4.政府服务贸易的决定因素

   5.其他商业服务贸易的决定因素

   6.服务贸易决定因素的小结

  四 服务贸易自由化对经济增长的影响

   1.总体服务贸易自由化对经济增长的影响

   2.金融和电信业自由化对经济增长的影响

   3.服务贸易自由化对经济增长影响的小结

  五 结论

 全球经济中的区域主义

  一 区域主义迅速发展的新动力

   1.区域经济合作发展的经济动机

   2.区域经济合作的非经济动机

   3.新区域主义:大国参与区域经济合作的动机

   4.“轮轴—轮辐”(Hub-and-Spoke)战略:小国参与区域经济合作的动机

   5.多米诺效应:参与区域经济合作的被动选择

  二 区域主义与全球贸易

   1.对区域内国家贸易的影响

   2.区域主义与贸易条件的影响

   3.区域主义与原产地原则

   4.区域主义与区域内标准

  三 区域主义与国际投资

   1.区域贸易协定投资条款的直接影响

   2.投资环境改善的影响

   3.外国直接投资与贸易的关系

   4.外国直接投资与市场规模的关系

   5.外国直接投资与增长的关系

  四 区域主义与多边主义的关系

   1.相对于多边主义,区域主义是一种次优选择

   2.区域主义是多边主义的“跳板”(Building Blocks)吗?

   3.区域主义是多边主义的“绊脚石”(Stumbling Blocks)吗?

   4.推进区域主义向多边主义发展的可能途径

 汇率制度选择理论的最新进展*

  一 汇率制度的重新划分

   1.IMF对成员国汇率制度的重新划分

   2.根据事实采用的制度进行分类

  二 对汇率制度选择因素的重新考察

   1.选择钉住汇率制度的因素

   2.决定汇率灵活性的各种因素

  三 汇率制度选择的极端方案和中间制度消失论

   1.极端汇率制度安排主张的形成

   2.“中间形式制度消失”论

   3.对主张极端汇率制度观点的怀疑和争论

   4.浮动汇率恐惧假说

   5.主张中间形式的BBC规则

  四 货币联盟的内生性

   1.内生性问题的两种对立观点

   2.货币联盟内生性的经验研究

  五 汇率制度绩效和与危机的易发性

   1.汇率制度的绩效分析

   2.汇率制度与危机的易发性

  结论

 全球国际收支失衡及其对中国经济的影响

  一 全球国际收支失衡的原因

   1.一个简单的分析框架

   2.对全球国际收支失衡不同原因的解释及评析

  二 全球国际收支失衡的可持续性

   1.美国的经常账户逆差是可持续的吗

   2.复苏的布雷顿森林体系是可持续的吗

  三 全球国际收支失衡调整的措施

   1.美国缩减财政赤字

   2.美元贬值

   3.结构性调整

   4.全球的宏观经济协调

   5.发展中国家改善投资环境和金融自由化

   6.亚洲国家可以做些什么?

  四 国际收支失衡的调整及对中国经济的影响

   情景分析一:东亚国家主动调整外汇储备中的美元比例,美元被迫大幅度贬值。

   情景分析二:在美国的压力下达成了新广场协议,东亚国家主动实施集体升值。

   情景分析三:各方就国际收支失衡的成本分担达成实质性协议,各方均主动实施国内政策调整。

 投资者保护与金融发展

  一 前言

  二 投资者保护问题的提出:经济增长、金融发展与投资者保护

  三 对投资者的外部法律保护:普通法系和大陆法系

  四 对投资者的内部制度保护:公司治理结构

  五 投资者保护的宏观和微观效应

   1.投资者保护的宏观效应

   2.投资者保护的微观效应

  六 侵占投资者利益的条件和认定

   1.侵占投资者利益的条件之一:不完全合约和剩余控制权

   2.侵占投资者利益的条件之二:信息不对称

   3.侵占投资者利益的核心是利益转移/风险转移:以财务危机为例

  七 投资者保护的重点:盈余操纵、关联交易和破产清算

   1.盈余操纵:对控股股东或中小股东利益的侵占

   2.关联交易和巧取豪夺:对中小股东利益的侵占

   3.投资过度和破产清算:对债权人利益的侵占

  八 投资者保护的指标体系和国际比较

  九 全球化条件下投资者保护和治理结构的趋同和发展

 金融发展与内生经济增长

  一 引言

  二 金融发展与经济增长理论的基本发展脉络

   (一)现代经济增长理论基本发展过程

    1.哈罗德—多马模型

    2.新古典增长理论

    3.内生增长理论

   (二)金融发展理论的基本发展进程

    1.金融发展理论的兴起

    2.金融发展理论的形成

    3.金融发展理论的新发展阶段

  三 一个简明模型

  四 金融发展、资本积累与内生增长

   (一)提高储蓄转化为资本比率

   (二)改善投资配置效率

   (三)影响储蓄率

  五 金融发展、技术进步与内生增长

   (一)技术创新

   (二)新技术应用

  六 金融发展、人力资本积累与内生增长

   (一)人力资本(教育)投资

   (二)物质资本投资外部性

  七 内生增长与内生金融发展

   (一)金融系统的内生发展

   (二)双重均衡的可能性

  八 经验分析

   (一)关于经济增长是外生抑或内生的争论

    1.增长回归

    2.条件收敛

    3.熊彼特创新模型面临的批评及其回应

   (二)金融发展与经济增长的经验分析

    1.金融发展指标

    2.金融中介与经济增长的经验分析

    3.股票市场、金融中介与经济增长的经验分析

  九 结论

面对经济全球化的发展,世界经济领域的新问题层出不穷,诸如,国际生产网络、汇率制度发展的方向、区域主义与多边主义的潜在冲突、全球经济失衡与人民币汇率调整,等等。追踪其理论研究进展是我们更深入理解经济全球化发展趋势的基础。作为中国社会科学院世界经济与政治研究所的一项集体研究成果,它将多角度地为读者提供世界经济领域国外理论研究的最新动态。

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